Reading the label of a German wine

1. Vintage
2. Village appellation - Nierstein and Oppenheim are amongst the most famous wine growing villages in Germany and in the World. Nierstein is home to the oldest German vineyard, known to be a vineyard since 742.
3. Single vineyard designation
4. Grape variety
5. Quality categories:
a. Tafelwein (table wine) - not produced by Louis Guntrum.
b. Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete (Q.b.A.) - Quality wine from designated (winegrowing) areas.
c. Qualitätswein mit Prädikat (Q.m.P.) - Quality wine with special attributes.
  This category is subdivided into: Kabinett - Spätlese - Auslese - Beerenauslese - Eiswein - Trockenbeerenauslese
6. Trocken / Dry or Halbtrocken / semi-dry: Descriptions of the actual taste of the wine. If neither "trocken" or "halbtrocken" are mentioned on the lable, the wine is fruity with more or less residual sweetness.
7. Gutsabfüllung / Erzeugerabfüllung: Estate bottled.
8. A.P.Nr. - Official quality control number issued after thorough sensoric and chemical analysis.

Some vineyard names translations:

1. Sackträger = Sack carrier, medieval guild.
2. Kreuz = the cross
3. Herrenberg = Mountain of the Lord
4. Bergkirche = Church on the Mountain
5. Oelberg = Mount of Olives